Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi; the diseases can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. For humans, transmission of pathogens may occur in a variety of ways: spread from person-to-person by direct contact, water or foodborne illness or aerosolization of infected particles in the environment and through insects (mosquitos and ticks).
Who is most at risk for getting infectious diseases?
Anyone can get an infectious disease. People with a compromised immune system (an immune system that doesn’t work at full strength) have greater risk for certain types of infections. Those at higher risk include:
- People with suppressed immune systems, such as those going through cancer treatment or who have recently had an organ transplant
- Those who are unvaccinated against common infectious diseases
- Healthcare workers
- People traveling to at-risk areas where they may be exposed to mosquitoes that carry pathogens such as malaria, dengue virus and Zika viruses.
What are the symptoms of infectious diseases?
Symptoms of infectious disease are particular to the type of disease. For example, symptoms of influenza include:
- Muscle aches and head ache.
What causes infectious diseases?
Infectious diseases in humans are caused by microorganisms including:
- Viruses that invade and multiply inside healthy cells
- Bacteria, or small, single-celled organisms capable of causing disease
- Fungi, which include many different kinds of fungus
- Parasites, which are organisms that live inside host bodies causing sickness
Some diseases spread through droplets discharged from a sick person’s body when they cough or sneeze. These droplets linger in the air for a short period of time, landing on a healthy person’s skin or inhaled into their lungs. In some cases, infectious diseases travel through the air for long periods of time in small particles. Healthy people inhale these particles and later become sick. Certain diseases spread with airborne transmission.
In the recent years, we have witnessed the emergence of a number of new infectious diseases, many of which were major public health threats that were met with important infection prevention strategies. Now, an outbreak of novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), which causes the coronavirus disease 2019 (abbreviated COVID-19) has spread rapidly, with cases confirmed in more than 140 countries.
Malaria, Dengue and Zika are other serious diseases spread through infection. Mosquito-borne infectious diseases that affects humans and other animals, malaria and dengue cause symptoms that typically include fever, tiredness, vomiting, and headaches which begin ten to fifteen days after being bitten by an infected mosquito.
Disinfection and Sanitization as prevention strategy
Studies with epidemiologically important pathogens have shown that disinfection leads to decreased transmission. Disinfection is the process of eliminating infectious organisms by using chemical or physical agents. The antimicrobial agents designated as disinfectants are sometimes used alternatively as sterilizing agents, sanitizers or antiseptics. World Health Organization (WHO) and Government of India have adopted various sanitization and disinfection strategies to prevent the infection of microbial diseases with patronization and support of Corporate Sector.
This is a CSR-funded Disinfection and Sanitation project being implemented all over India district-wise. Under Corporate-Govt cooperation the project is being implemented under “No Profit No Loss” with public-private partnership. The disinfectant chemicals and safety materials are sponsored by the CSR agency and subsidized in the case of BPL families. In the case of sanitization of outdoor spaces as well as public utilities, the Gram Panchayat/Urban Bodies can avail the subsidized rates and facilities.
To spray and sanitize residential houses, public places and offices in both urban and rural areas under the Infectious Diseases Eradication Program under the guideline of World Health Organization (WHO) and Govt. of India.
Nature & Type of Work
To spray govt approved disinfectant and sanitize the houses and public places to ensure reduction of incidences of Covid 19, malaria and dengue infection.
The service provider will be required to provide a supervisor/supervisor in the area where he is authorized to work. The supervisor will be properly trained and equipped to carry out the spray work. The service provider will ensure that the manpower employed by them follow the safety precautions during the handling, storage and use of the materials as conveyed to them and will be responsible for their own safety during the above-mentioned process. In no way the company will be held responsible for any untoward incident that may take place due to the negligence of the manpower employed by the service provider. The service provider will at his own expense arrange for the spray pump required for the spraying of the insecticide.
Service Provider will contact the household and create awareness about the harmfulness of microbial diseases including Covid 19, malaria and dengue. He will explain elaborately about the benefits of the disinfection work and how it can kill micro-orgasms, prevent spread of infectious diseases and provide safety to the household. He will explain about the subsidized price of the disinfection program and motivate the household to take up disinfection in his/her premises.
Service Provider will have to explain the benefits of disinfection to the Sarpanch of Gram Panchayats and Chairpersons of Urban bodies like NAC, Municipality or Municipal Corporations and Health Officers of the concerned bodies. Service Provider will motivate the authorities to take up disinfection program in outdoor areas like bus stops, railway stations, parks, gyms, cinema halls, meeting halls, schools, libraries, roads etc and public utilities like toilets under subsidized price for the benefit of its denizens.
Service provider will at his own expense arrange to be sprayed at the district level along with PPE kits, protective masks, gloves and shoes for the workforce being employed safe keep and proper usage will be the responsibility of the service provider.
Billing Cycle: – On a 60 days.
1. The service provider will be solely responsible for the behaviour, public dealings and transactions done by their supervisors on the field.
2. The service provider shall strictly follow rules and regulation as set forth in the agreement and shall submit all MIS reports, Videos and Panchayat Letter within stipulated time period.
3. The service provider shall instruct its supervisors to strictly adhere to the proper procedure of completing the task. If the procedure is not followed, then billing will not be accepted.
Pay-out & Billing
For disinfection/sanitization of area-
For BPL household Payout – Rs.125/-
For APL household Payout – Rs.175/-
Duration: 1 year
Location: ALL OVER INDIA
HAMARI DISHA HAMARA KADAM
Uttam Nagar, New Delhi
( 9472811687 * [email protected]